Maruranau Village was established in the late 19th century at a place called Shawaramingau. The residents later moved from this site to its present location. The name Maruranau is derived from the giant Amadillo. The village is approximately 109.118 sq miles and has a population of 830 individuals.

COMMUNITY PROFILE 
NameMaruranau
Satellite/s-
Region9
Area of Land109.118 sq miles
Titled/UntitledTitled
Name of Former ToshaoPatrick Gomes
Name of Current ToshaoDaniel Auguiler
Total Number of Councillors12
Number of CSO’s15
DEMOGRAPHICS
Total Population 830
Number of households152
1 st LanguageWaspishana
2 nd Language English
ReligionChristian
Means of communicationAF Radio
Means of Electricity None
Types of transportationTractor, cow, horse, bull cart, bicycle
Nearest Town or Village for marketing linkages Lethem - 98 miles
Seasonal patternsWet and dry
Soil TypeSandy, loam, clay
ECONOMY
Major economic activitiesFarming, Hunting, Fishing
Number of shops8
Number of Vegetable farms132
SCHOOL
Name of Nursery SchoolMaruranau Nursery School
Number of Nursery School Students40
Name of Primary School StudentsMaruranau Primary School
Number of Primary School Students203
HEALTH FACILITY
Type of Health FacilityHealth Post
Health PersonnelMalaria Personnel, CHW
Source of WaterStreams, wells
BUILDINGS
Other Main BuildingsMarket Shed, Guest house, CI-Office
INFRASTRUCTURE
Other Infrastructure -
EQUIPMENT
Other Equipment Horse power engine, 40 horse power engine, Aluminum boat (1), Chainsaw(1), Fogging Machine, Brush cutter, Plough, Generator, Water pump
GROUPS
List of Social Groups and ClubsYouth Group, Farmers Group, Sports Club, women’s group, Church group